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FBC 301: Formulating, Adopting and Administering a Code, Clearwater, FL


FBC 301: Formulating, Adopting and Administering a Code

Wednesday – Thursday, December 6-7, 2017

Pinellas County Engineering & Finance Building
Learning Center — Fourth Floor
14 S. Ft. Harrison Ave.
Clearwater, FL 33756
United States

FBC 301 focuses on formulating, adopting, and administering a form-based code. The course will offer an in-depth look at the relationship between the comprehensive plan and a form-based code, the mechanics of code adoption, the advantages and disadvantages of mandatory, parallel and floating-zone codes, and ways to avoid common pitfalls in the drafting and administration of form-based codes.

Instructors will explain how to structure the process, including what must happen before, during, and after the code is drafted, what to keep and what to discard from an existing conventional code, how to relate the form-based code to the existing regulatory framework in a specific municipality, how to insulate a FBC against potential legal challenges, and issues of post-adoption implementation and project review. The course will examine specific examples and lessons learned from experience working with form-based codes and will include a hands-on exercise in code implementation.

Click the tabs above to see agenda and instructors.

NOTE: The one-day class ABCs of Form-Based Codes — or FBC 101 on-line — is prerequisite for this class.

FBC 301 is part of FBCI’s three-course series. It combines with FBC 101 (ABCs of Form-Based Codes) and FBC 201 (Urban Design) to complete a thorough instruction in the discipline of form-based coding. FBCI awards a certificate to all those completing the three-course series.


Residence Inn by Marriott Clearwater Downtown
940 Court St.
Clearwater, FL 33756
Phone: (727) 562-5400

Comfort Suites Clearwater – Dunedin
1941 Edgewater Drive
Clearwater, FL 33755
Phone: (727) 489-5000

Chart House Suites on Clearwater Bay
850 Bayway Blvd.
Clearwater, FL 33767
Phone: (727) 449-8007

Quality Hotel Beach Resort
655 S. Gulfview Blvd.
Clearwater Beach, FL 33767
Phone: (727) 442-7171

Ramada Limited Clearwater Hotel and Suites
2061 Gulf to Bay Blvd.
Clearwater, FL 33765
Phone: (727) 446-8007


DAY ONE — Wednesday, Dec. 6, 2017

8:30 – 9:00 AM

Light Breakfast and Registration

9:00 – 9:15 AM

Welcome and Introductions

9:15 – 9:45 AM

Structuring the Coding Process


Topics — The overall coding process; what must occur before and after actual code drafting; the critical role of the urban design plan underlying the code; how the FBC fits into the overall regulatory framework of the municipality; combining zoning, street design, and subdivision regulations into a legally defensible framework.

9:45 – 10:40 AM

Comprehensive Planning and Form-Based Codes


Topics — The adoption of comprehensive plans articulates a community’s vision and aspirations for future form and character or neighborhoods and corridors. It also provides the legal underpinning needed to support the use of form-based coding approaches. This session will explore how comprehensive plans “set the stage” for form-based codes and how planning that is based on the achievement of desired urban form provides the necessary legal framework within which a form-based code can be adopted.

10:40 – 10:55 AM


10:55 – 11:45 AM

Code Mechanics Part 1: Mandatory Form-Based Codes


Topics — The three major methods of integrating form-based codes into existing development regulations; integrated codes vs. free-standing codes (which are published in separate chapters of the code or are part of California specific plans); advantages and disadvantages of mandatory codes; legal issues with mandatory codes; mandatory code format variations; examples of mandatory codes in place today.

11:45AM – 12:30 PM


12:30 – 1:20 PM

Code Mechanics Part 2: Parallel (Optional) and Floating Zone Codes


Topics — Advantages and disadvantages of parallel/optional codes and floating-zone codes; format variations and code examples of parallel (optional) and floating-zone codes, including legal issues of authority, defensibility and nonconformity.

1:20 – 2:10 PM

Adopting Effective Form-Based Codes


Topics — Legal processes for adopting the code; preparing the community to apply it; managing expectations; ensuring that it is legally defensible and delivers what it promises; managing expectations. Which conventional code components should be carried over during a code overhaul; what FBCs typically discard and what can or should be retained.

2:10 – 2:25 PM


2:25 – 4:35 PM

Exercise: Conceptualizing the Code


Topics — A real-world exercise applying the legal techniques and form-based coding principles discussed earlier in the day to a specific site, including interactive discussion of alternative coding approaches and a discussion of the code solution that was actually adopted.

4:35 – 5:00 PM

Questions and Answers — All Instructors

5:00 PM


DAY TWO — Thursday, Dec. 7, 2017

8:30 – 9:00 AM

Light Breakfast

9:00 – 9:50 AM

Tips on Code Drafting


Topics — Form-based codes contain certain key elements not found in conventional zoning, but these codes must still follow all legal requirements for zoning and must be clear to the public and to code users and administrators. This session will describe best practices in code-writing generally, including the proper use of definitions, the need for due process for participants, consistency with other chapters and sections of the municipal code, and internal consistency within the FBC. Also discussed will be how to avoid common drafting mistakes.

9:50 – 10:40 AM

Implementing Form-Based Codes


Topics — Form-based codes can increase predictability and reduce approval times if properly incorporated into the development review legal process. This session will explore pre- and post-adoption issues, building organizational capacity, legal authority for implementation and enforcement, and additional elements of development review.

10:40 – 10:55 AM


11:00 AM – 12:20 PM

Development Review Exercise


Topics — This exercise will use a real example of a proposed development to be reviewed under the provisions of a real form-based code. It will deal with the legal and practical issues encountered when a specific proposal is evaluated and approved or denied under a form-based code.   It also will highlight the differences between project review under a form-based code and a conventional zoning code.

12:20 – 1:10 PM


1:10 – 2:30 PM

Form-Based Code Case Study


Topics — An analysis of the adoption and implementation of a specific form-based code, how the legal approach was selected, why it replaced the existing zoning, how the comprehensive plan underpinned the code legally, and a comparison with form-based codes adopted in other communities.

2:30 – 2:45 PM


2:45 – 3:35 PM

Citywide Codes


Topics — Many communities are considering or undertaking citywide updates to outdated zoning codes. This session will explore common issues and legal implications for using form-based approaches at the citywide scale in large and midsize cities. It will examine the differences between applying a form-based code to a neighborhood or corridor and a citywide application.

3:30 – 4:20 PM

Beyond Physical Form: Market Economics and Other Realities


Topics — The need to identify the local issues to be considered when calibrating code standards, establishing administrative procedures, complying with legal requirements and navigating the political issues involved in getting a code through the adoption process. Establishing absolute minimums and fundamental standards in the short term; understanding current market demands and the local economic reality; and preparing for evolving market conditions within a viable legal framework—without sacrificing the community vision.

4:20 – 5:00 PM

Questions and Answers — All Instructors

5:00 PM




FBCI draws upon national experts, including urban designers and planners with broad experience in all aspects of form-based coding. We have assembled an excellent group for the class in Lansing.

Bill Spikowski Bill Spikowski is a veteran advisor to local governments and a pioneer in the development of form-based codes. He’s prepared community plans, redevelopment plans, and codes for cities and counties that aren’t willing to settle for today’s sprawling development patterns. He’s become an expert in using form-based codes to translate bold visions of the future into an integral part of local regulations. Bill is a frequent lecturer on innovative planning and coding techniques and is an officer and founding board member of the Form-Based Codes Institute. He is a regular instructor at FBCI workshops across the country. Prior to forming his consulting firm in 1992, Bill served as growth management director for Lee County, Florida. He also serves on the Fort Myers Planning Board and is a co-founder and officer of the Calusa Land Trust & Nature Preserve. He is a Fellow of the American Institute of Certified Planners.

Nancy Stroud is a planning and development lawyer in Florida primarily representing local governments in efforts to create walkable and vibrant communities. She is a recognized expert in the preparation and implementation of form based codes. She was the legal consultant in the award-winning team that created the Miami21 form based code, winner of the 2010 Dreihaus Form-based Codes Award (Paul Crawford Distinction for a Ground Breaking Code), and the 2011 American Planning Association National Planning Excellence Award for Best Practice. Nancy writes and lectures on community development issues, and is co-author of a leading law school treatise Planning and Control of Land Development. She graduated from the University of North Carolina with a law degree and master of regional planning, and is certified by the American Institute of Certified Planners.

To see all FBCI instructors, please visit our website, www.formbasedcodes.org

Registration Fees


Early Bird              $575
After Nov. 20           $650


Early Bird               $425
After Nov. 20           $550

Click here to register 

Discounts will also available for large-group registrations.
Contact FBCI for more information.

Thanks to our great sponsors!